A pediatric orthopedic is a musculoskeletal specialist who treats children. The training of this physician is very specific in the healing of growing bones. Children have different needs than adults. That’s why this specialist is very important for your children’s bone health.
At Total Ortho Center, we offer top doctors for all extremities and ages. Plus, we provide a wide array of products for child specialty care. Our care center is confident that we will help you find a solution. Call us at 888-409-8006 to learn more about our top-rated doctors!
Pediatric Orthopedic Conditions
Treating children’s orthopedic conditions is unique. These conditions are different than adults. Their bones, muscles, and joints, are still developing.
We understand how to properly treat these conditions in growing children. It allows us to offer special quality care. This goes for children and their families too.
Pediatric Spinal Conditions:
- Kyphosis. Kyphosis is diagnosed in children with a forward curve of greater than 45 degrees. It is typical though for a pediatric orthopedic to recommend physical therapy as treatment.
- Scoliosis and Spinal Deformity. This condition occurs when the child’s spine is curved sideways. Typically children do not require surgery. However, in severe cases, it might be an option.
- Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis. This injury is considered a spinal fracture in the vertebrae. Children with spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis rarely require surgery, though, if the slippage is severe, it will.
- Stress Fracture. This is a fracture caused by overuse or repetitive stress.
Pediatric Hip Conditions:
- Femoral Anteversion. Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thigh bone (called the femur—the bone located between the hip and the knee). Although most babies start with this condition and straighten it out as they age, others do not and might require special attention.
- Developmental Pediatric Dysplasia. This condition describes a broad spectrum of abnormalities of the hip joint that may develop around the time of birth or during childhood.
- Hip Dislocation. Hip dislocation in children is rare. It is generally a result of significant trauma.
- Hip Impingement: Hip impingement, also called femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), occurs when there is an abnormality in one or both of the bones in the hip joint, causing friction in the joint.
- Labral Hip Tear. Labral tears usually occur during sports and activities in which the hip rotates suddenly, like football or soccer.
- Perthes Disease. Perthes disease, is a rare childhood condition that affects the hip. It occurs when the blood supply to the rounded head of the femur (thighbone) is temporarily disrupted.
- Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE). Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a hip condition that occurs in teens and pre-teens who are still growing. The condition usually develops gradually over time and is more common in boys than girls.
Pediatric Knee Conditions:
- ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tear. An ACL injury occurs when the ACL ligament tears. Typically, as a result of cutting and pivoting activities during sports. The most common type of pediatric ACL injury is a complete tear. In fact, surgery is often recommended for these injuries with options varying by the patient’s age and musculoskeletal maturity.
- Blount’s Disease. This disease is a rare growth disorder that affects children, causing the legs to bow outwards just below the knees. Blount’s can be seen in a child less than 4 years of age as well as in early adolescents.
- Patellar Instability. Patellar instabilities are the most common knee pathologies during growth. Although congenital dislocations are rare.
- Meniscus Tears. There is a unique type of meniscus issues occasionally encountered in children is an abnormally shaped meniscus called a discoid meniscus. The disk shape of these menisci makes them more susceptible to tearing.
- Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD). Osteochondritis dissecans occurs when bone and cartilage separate from one another inside a joint. Children of all ages get osteochondritis dissecans, but it is more common in teenagers.
Pediatric Foot & Ankle Conditions:
- Clubfoot. This condition is a fairly common foot deformity affecting bones, muscles, tendons and blood vessels. A clubfoot occurs in about one of every 1,000 newborns and affects boys twice as often as girls.
- Metatarsus Adductus. This is a common deformity and affects the front half of a child’s foot by turning inward. Typically the foot will straighten as they grow.
- Toe Walking. Toe walking is a pattern of walking in which a child walks on balls of his or her feet, with no contact between the heels and ground. After the age of 2, however, most children outgrow toe walking and begin to walk with a normal heel-to-toe pattern.
- Vertical Talus. This is a rare deformity of the foot which has formed in the wrong position. Vertical Talus is diagnosed at the time of birth.
Elbow Conditions in Children:
- Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) Injuries. UCL injuries occur most often from repetitive overhead throwing sports, such as baseball.
- Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Elbow (OCD). This disorder is localized most commonly at the Humeral Capitellum. Teenagers engaged in sports that involve repetitive stress on the elbow are at risk.
Pediatric Shoulder Conditions:
- Shoulder Instability and Bankart Lesion: Anterior shoulder dislocation is the most common form of shoulder dislocation and is generally seen in adolescents participating in contact or collision sports among the pediatric age group.
- Labral and SLAP Tears: A SLAP tear is an injury to the labrum of the shoulder, which is the ring of cartilage that surrounds the socket of the shoulder joint.
Pediatric Genetic Conditions:
- Achondroplasia. This is a genetic (inherited) bone disorder that occurs in one in 25,000 live births. Achondroplasia is the most common type of dwarfism, in which the child’s arms and legs are short in proportion to body length.
- Hereditary Multiple Exostoses. This is a benign disorder characterized by multiple chondrogenic lesions (osteochondromas) found on the surfaces of bones. Hereditary Multiple Exostoses is a genetic and rare disease.
- Marfan Syndrome. This disorder involves the body’s connective tissue, it affects the formation of a protein in connective tissue called fibrillin, which impacts the integrity of many organs and structures in the body.
- Neurofibromatosis. This represents three disorders which are characterized by tumors along the peripheral nerves and a collection of symptoms. These disorders, although not considered cancer, can be associated with certain malignancies.
- Osteogenesis Imperfecta. This is considered a brittle bone disease and is characterized by bones that break easily without a cause.
- Skeletal Dysplasia. There are more than 200 types of skeletal dysplasia. It affects bones and joints. It often shorten children’s growth and development.
General Conditions in Children:
- Arthrogryposis. The exact cause of the condition is unknown. Although it’s not considered to be genetic. This condition is described as rare and stiffens joints and abnormally developed muscles.
- Unicameral Bone Cysts. This cyst is a fluid-filled cavity in the bone. It affects children between the ages of 5-15. But it is also possible to affect older children.
- Cerebral Palsy. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent disorders. They are, however, related to the development of movement and posture. It occurs as a result of non-progressive disturbances. This disturbance happens in the developing fetal or infant brain.
- Growth Plate Fractures. Because children’s bones are still growing, they are also subject to this injury. Growth plates are areas of cartilage located near the ends of bones.
- Internal Tibial Torsion. Internal tibial torsion usually affects both legs and could be related to the child’s position in the uterus. Most children will outgrow this condition without any treatment.
- Limb Length Discrepancy (LLD). LLD is when one limb is shorter than the other. Large differences in limb length can cause problems, however.
- Osteochondroma. This is the most common benign bone tumor in children. Typically, this condition has no symptoms though and is only noticed when a child discovers a bump or pain.
- Osteomyelitis. There is an increasing amount of children reporting this infection. Also, septic arthritis. Antibiotic treatment is then provided intravenously for a short period. And then, thereafter, orally until the end of the disease.
Pediatric Orthopedic Doctor
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